At Al-Bustani, our services hinge on our ability to bring technological advancements in efficient irrigation serve your needs and the needs of the community at large. These technologies represent the culmination of years of research and technical experience in the field of arid agriculture and horticulture by our team of expert botanists, agricultural scientists and engineers.
We draw upon this experience in addition to significantly investing in our research and development program to continue to provide you and your environment with the best and state-of-the-art agriculture / horticulture solutions. Our tested techniques continue to be refined and improved allowing us to maintain our competitive edge and bring us closer to our goal of proliferating the application of this technology in service to sustainable development.
Hydroponics is a subset of soilless culture techniques whereby a plant is cultured is a nutrient solution and can be adopted in either a continuous-flow solution or a static solution. In continuous-flow solution culture, the nutrient solution constantly flows past the roots, making it easier to automate than the static solution culture because sampling and adjustments to the temperature and nutrient concentrations can be made in a large storage tank that has potential to serve thousands of plants. The Nutrient Film Technique (NFT), a variation on the continuous-flow solution, involves a recirculation of shallow stream of water containing all the dissolved nutrients required for plant growth past the bare roots of plants in a watertight thick root mat, which develops in the bottom of the channel and has an upper surface that, although moist, is in the air. Subsequent to this, an abundant supply of oxygen is provided to the roots of the plants. The main advantage of NFT is that the plant roots are exposed to round the clock supplies of water, oxygen, and nutrients, making it ideal for leafy earth plants such as lettuces, cabbage, herbs, and strawberries.
Is soilless culture system that combines a hydroponics system with an aquatic tank containing live animals (aquaculture). The main supply of the nutrients to the hydroponic solution is obtained from water containing the organic waste produced by these aquatic animals, which are broken down by nitrates and absorbed by the plant wherein the recycled clean water is restored to the aquaculture. This system has the advantage of maintaining two potential products, plant and animals. Furthermore, produce cultivated in this way is completely organic.
Aeroponics is another soilless culture system and involves supplying the plant with an air or mist environment. It involves spraying the roots and the lower stem of the plant with nutrient rich solution, while the roots dangle in the air. This process has the advantage of exposing the roots to increased levels of oxygen. It also represents the most efficient use of water, as only a minute amount is needed by the roots. For the input costs required the average yield is relatively high when compared to other processes.
Al-Bustani engages in continuous R&D activities to better improve our systems and developing more efficient methods of implementing them and adapting them to meet the varying needs of our clients. As such, we have been working closely with the well-established Arid Land Agricultural Research Institute (ALARI) of Ain Shams University, to ensure a solid platform for research and development, continually offering the most up-to-date hydroponic technology.